The First Industrial Revolution, which started with mechanization in England in the 18th century, widespread the factory system, while largely eliminating manufacture production. The mechanization and factory system have caused institutional vocational-technical education systems to replace the classical master-journeyman-apprentice system in manufacture. The First Industrial Revolution reached a higher stage with the Fordist system in which Taylorist methods applied in the factories and this process created the Second Industrial Revolution. In the Fordist system, vocational-technical education institutions and education programs have taken on a diverse and gradual structure. These schools have also been the institutions where national education policies implemented. In this study, First and Second Industrial Revolutions have discussed in terms of their emergence and development dynamics, and the transformations created by industrial revolutions on vocational-technical education institutions have outlined.
|Konular||Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler|
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||30 Haziran 2021|
|Yayınlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2021, Cilt 5, Sayı 1|